Showing posts with label Project Manager Interview. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Project Manager Interview. Show all posts

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers Collection

Largest Collection of Project Manager Interview Question and Answers.

Project Manager Interview Questions

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers

Project Manager Interview Questions in Companies

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers Collection

Project Manager Interview - Management Ability

Management Ability Project Manager Interview Questions.

How do you perform when others need your guidance in a business crisis?
Job seeker should show that they can supervise and give direction while acting under stress.

How do you decide which tasks take priority when organizing a complete project?
Applicant should appear focused when deciding what needs to be completed first and show common sense in their decision making.

With reference to a days work, what steps do you take to organize and prioritize your tasks?
Applicant’s ability to focus will be evaluated. They should be able to organize and plan the tasks to be completed.

Has there been an occasion when you refused to bow to a customer’s pressure to “bend the rules”?
Applicant needs to demonstrate ethical professional standards. They should always keep in mind the interests of the organization and understand that these interests are more important than the customer’s interests.

What do you when you discover you are in a compromising situation?
Applicant should show the ability to a make good, fast decisions. They should not be a victim and should work towards doing what is right. They should be able to be honest without being naive?

Describe a specific instance, in a group situation, where you made your views known about an issue important to yourself. What was the issue, and why was it crucial?
Applicants answer should indicate that they are capable of leadership qualities through effective communication. They should not be intimidated easily.

Your whole team has proposed a course of action, but you believe that the stance is unethical, how do you react?
Applicant must be able to express their views in profession and persuasive manner. They should not bend under pressure and should be able to stand up for what they think is right.

Project Manager Interview - Project Management and Workplace politics

Project Management and Workplace politics. What do you think?

We all must have faced the workplace politics in our careers but it is unfortunate that we do not teach Politics 101 in MBA's. I have followed some guidelines for myself while leading projects, which have worked pretty good for me so far. I would like to know what other things we can do handle workplace politics and general issues in Project management.

What I have done to handle workplace politics are;

1. Always follow up with a written summary for all the corridor or coffee table discussions.

2. One should not Gossip. If team member complaints about the other person, the key is to just listen. It helps the other person to vent out and somtimes just that much is sufficient to resolve the issues.

3. Talk less and listen more. Think twice and then advice.

4. Cross cultural understanding of human behaviour is very important nowadays since teams are global and people in different countries think, live, work and communicate at different pitch.

Understanding them is very important. Easiest way of learning culture of different countires is not by books, since they are very time consuming 'sometimes' but good movies from different countires helps a lot. It has helped me, even though some movies do not have subtitles but you get good idea about how people live and think in other countries. You get all the foriegn language movies in any of district libraries.  

Project Manager Interview - Software Development Life Cycles

Project Manager Interview - Software Development Life Cycles, System Development Life Cycle Interview Questions,Project Manager Interview Questions Answers,Project Manager Interview on SDLC

Can you explain different software development life cycles 
This questions is asked to test that as a project manager do you have a know how of all the project life cycles.In PMP (Project management plan) you have to specify saying which software development model you will follow. Definitely depending on client and project scenarios it’s the project manager’s responsibility to choose a development cycle.

SDLC (System Development Life Cycle) is overall process of developing information systems through multistep process systems from investigation of initial requirements through analysis, design, implementation and maintenance. The days are gone when one COBOL programmer used to analyze, test and implement software systems. Systems have become complex, huge team members are involved, architects, analyst, programmers, testers, users etc. To manage this number of SDLC models have been created.

Following are popular models which are listed:-
Waterfall Model.
Spiral Model.
Build and Fix model.
Rapid prototyping Model.
Incremental Model.

This section we will go in to fair depth of different SDLC models.
Water Fall Model
This is the oldest model. It has sequence of stages; output of one stage becomes input of other.
Following are stages in Waterfall model:-
System Requirement: - This is initial stage of the project where end user requirements are gathered and documented.
System Design: - In this stage detail requirements, screen layout, business rules, process diagram, pseudo code and other documentations are prepared. This is first step in technical phase.
Implementation: - Depending on the design document actual code is written here.
Integration and Testing: - All pieces are brought together and tested. Bugs are removed in this phase.
Acceptance, Installation and Deployment: - This is final stage where software is put in production and runs actual business.
Maintenance: - This is least glamorous phase which runs forever. Code Changes, correction, addition etc are done in this phase.

Waterfall is suited for low risk in areas of User Interface and performance requirements, but high risk in budget and schedule predictability and control. Waterfall assumes that all requirements can be specified in advance. But unfortunately requirement grows and changes through various stages, so it needs feedback from one stage to other.

Spiral Model 

Spiral Model removes the drawback of waterfall model, by providing emphasis to go back and reiterate earlier stages a number of times as project progresses. On broader level it’s a series of short waterfall cycles, each producing an early prototype representing a
part of entire project. It also helps demonstrate a Proof of Concept at early software life cycle.
Build and Fix Model
This is the most way free-lancers work Write some code and keep modifying it until the customer is happy. This approach can be quite dangerous and risky.
Rapid Prototyping Model
This model is also called as Rapid Application Development. The initial emphasis is on creating prototype that looks and acts like the desired product. Prototype can be created by using tools which is different from those used for final product. Once the prototype is
approved, its discarded and real software development is started from scratch. The problem with this model is that sometimes the prototype moves ahead to become the final live product which can be bad from design point of view. It’s a effective model but can have
higher costing than other models as you require programmers during the initial phase of the software cycle.
Incremental Model
In this model we divide products in to builds, where section of product are created and tested separately. Here errors are found in requirement phase itself, user feedback is taken for each stage and code is tested after it’s written.

Project Manager Interview - Planning

Project Manager Interview -Software Project Management Interview Questions on Planning,Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers Planning

How does your organization assign roles and responsibilities?

Being an Independent consultant gives me opportunity to taste many different flavors. I have seen organizations where resources are considered just bodies and they consider almost everyone can do anything and in others I have seen where proper weight is given to resources for some specific knowledge and care is taken not assign the SME's (subject matter expert) 100% in a single project. Usually there are not too many SME's in a single organization and many projects run concurrently. Having the right resources for the tasks is very important for any project success.

In your organization, how much time and effort is spent up-front planning a project? Why or why not? How can up-front planning be encouraged?

It usually depends upon the kind of projects. Not much time is devoted to upfront planning for a project with too many unknowns variables since if we do not know we cannot plan. But not many projects are like that.

What documents are used in your organization to define project goals and scope?
For scope & goals definitions some of the documents which are depending upon where I have worked as a consultant are Project Requirements Documents or Business Blueprint documents or Project Definition documents or Vision Document - different names but almost the same content.


How can we encourage planning?
getting buy-in from management is key. But I really think to encourage planning by influencing management takes preparation and knowing the facts of the issue. Both the facts that you are supporting and those that management (or anyone with whom you are working with or trying to influence) will have. Knowing the other side's situation is important

Google Product Manager Interview Questions Answers

Google Product Manager Interview Questions Answers.

Google is aware of these questions.So it is not far fetched to assume that the questions you will be asked on your google interview won’t be similar to that listed below. I found that interviewers are encouraged to come up with their own questions and there is a list of ‘banned’ questions (questions widely known and listed in sites like mine). If you get a question from this list and they figure out (since you were to quick to answer), they will either make it harder or ask another one…

That being said, use this list as a way to prepare yourself from past questions asked for associate product manger and product manager.

1) How many buses does the local transportation corporation own?
My Answer: Estimate what the local population is (say 100,000), and percentage who would use local transportation (say 75%). From there estimate how many major routes you have (routes to say from city A to city B/downtown/mall/universities). How many buses will be traveling those routes (taking into account when the busiest times are should have the most buses out and remember that some of these buses go both ways e.g travel from city A to city B and back to city A.) Take into account how many you can fit into a bus, you can estimate how many buses a local transportation corp could potentially own.

2)How would you handle someone who is just not doing the work, doesn’t get along with anyone, and is generally not working out?
My Answer: Response to this question reflects on the individuals management and leadership style. But the candidate being interviewed should also keep in mind what company or team policy is when addressing the above issue.

3)How many bottles of shampoo are produced in the world a year?
My Answer:
approximate 30 million = population of Canada

approximate 6 billion = World Population
23% of the world’s population is 3rd world population
2% of the world’s population don’t use shampoo b/c they are bald or use soap
25% total
25% of 30 million don’t use shampoo, use soap, are bald, or cannot afford to purchase shampoo (third world) (-7.5 million) =22.5million
One bottle of Shampoo lasts approximately 2 months, giving us 6 bottles a year per person.

22.5million *6 = 133.1 million bottles in Canada
6 billion – 25% = 4.5 billion
4.5 billion *6 = 27.0 billion bottle per year

4) You have 15 horses that run various speeds. You own a race track on which you can race the horses, and this track holds a maximum of 5 horses per race. If you have no stopwatch or other means of telling exactly how fast the horses are, how many races would you need to run between the horses to be ABSOLUTELY SURE which horses are first, second, and third fastest?
My Answer

Race 1: Horse 1,2,3,4,5 => Assume 1,2,3 win in that order

Race 2: Horse 6,7,8,9,10 => Assume 6,7,8 win in that order

Race 3: Horse 11,12,13,14,15 =>Assume 11,12,13 win in that order

Race 4: Horse 1, 6, 11 (all first place winners) =>Assume 1 wins first (1 is the fastest) for the sake of simplicity and 6 and 11 came 2nd and 3rd place
Race 5: Horse 6, 11, 2, 7, 3 - Notice I did not choose horse 12 in this race because we assumed from Race 4 that horse 11 came in third place so it is of no value having horse 12 in the race.

Total Race 5

1st Place is Horse 1, 2nd and 3rd Place is found from Race 5

5) Follow up, now you have 16 horses. How many races would you need to conduct to find first, second, and third?
My Answer

First three races are identical to the above three races
Assumption 1:

Race 4: Horse 16, 1, 6, 11 => Assume 16 wins first, and Horse 1 and 6 came second and third.

Race 5: Horse 1, 6, 2, 7, 3 =>Notice I did not choose any horses from Race 3 results, this is because we know that horse 11 did not come out in the top 3 in Race 4.

Total Race 5
Assumption 2:

Race 4: Horse 16, 1, 6, 11 => Assume 1 wins first, and Horse 6 and 16 came second and third.

Race 5: Horse 6, 16, 2, 7, 3=>Notice I did not choose any horses from Race 3 results, this is because we know that horse 11 did not come out in the top 3 in Race 4.

Total Race 5

6) Tell me about yourself? -Yep, they still ask this question

7) How would you boost the GMail subscription base?

8 ) What is the most efficient way to sort a million integers?

9) How would you re-position Google’s offerings to counteract competitive threats from Microsoft?

10) You are shrunk to the height of a nickel and your mass is proportionally reduced so as to maintain your original density.

11) You are then thrown into an empty glass blender. The blades will start moving in 60 seconds. What do you do?

12) How much should you charge to wash all the windows in Seattle?

13) How would you find out if a machine’s stack grows up or down in memory?

14) You have to get from point A to point B. You don’t know if you can get there. What would you do?

15) How many piano tuners are there in the entire world?

16) You have eight balls all of the same size. 7 of them weigh the same, and one of them weighs slightly more. How can you find the ball that is heavier by using a balance and only two weighings?

Weighing 1: weight 3 balls on each side.

If( 3 balls are equal)

Weighing 2: weight the last 2 balls. The heavier is one of these.

Else

Weighing 2: weight the heavier group from the first, put 1 ball on each weigh – if they are the same, the heavier one is the one you didn’t weigh…else the heavier one will be shown.

17) You are given 2 eggs. You have access to a 100-story building. Eggs can be very hard or very fragile means it may break if dropped from the first floor or may not even break if dropped from 100th floor. Both eggs are identical. You need to figure out the highest floor of a 100-story building an egg can be dropped without breaking. The question is how many drops you need to make. You are allowed to break 2 eggs in the process.

18 ) Describe a technical problem you had and how you solved it.

19) How would you design a simple search engine?

20) Design an evacuation plan for San Francisco.

21) There’s a latency problem in South Africa. Diagnose it.

22) What are three long term challenges facing Google?

23) What do you know about Google’s product and technology?

24) If you are Product Manager for Google’s Adwords, how do you plan to market this?

25) What would you say during an AdWords or AdSense product seminar?

26) Who are Google’s competitors, and how does Google compete with them?

27) What’s a creative way of marketing Google’s brand name and product?

28 ) If you are the product marketing manager for Google’s Gmail product, how do you plan to market it so as to achieve 100 million customers in 6 months?

29)How much money you think Google makes daily from Gmail ads?

30) Name a piece of technology you’ve read about recently. Now tell me your own creative execution for an ad for that product.

31) Say an advertiser makes $0.10 every time someone clicks on their ad. Only 20% of people who visit the site click on their ad. How many people need to visit the site for the advertiser to make $20?

32) Estimate the number of students who are college seniors, attend four-year schools, and graduate with a job in the United States every year.

33) If you were given the land prices in the Bay Area, what would you pick, the mean or the median? Why?

34) Estimate the revenue of various free web services from Google and competitors.

35) You are a parking lot attendant in a lot that has one open spot, and you want to move the cars from their original positions into a new arrangement. Create a program that will print out instructions on how to move the cars most efficiently

Can you tell us what is Google’s primary source of income/revenue? The primary source of revenue for Google is Advertising which accounts for 96% of its revenue. It is the biggest online advertiser. A whopping 42 billion dollars in 2012 came from Adwords. Apart from that there are TV Advertisements, Android Applications, Youtube Services, but it pales when compared to their advertising revenue.

37) How will you make Google win in (specific regional zone)?

38 ) What website do you visit the most and what would you do as PM for that website?

39) Airports are inefficient. What would you do to improve them?

40) It is difficult to remember what you read, especially after many years. Contemplate how to address this.

41) If Google were to offer a TV commercial service, how would you implement this?

42) What is your favorite google product and what would you change about it?

44) What Google product do you like the best and how would you improve it?

45) Why is a good user interface good for the company?
Good user interface encourage the visitor to stay longer on the page, explore other pages, click on advertisement, and retreive and access information easily. Companies can build their identities on a good user interface since users will associate them with it. A good UI (e.g. Google Search Engine) can become their brand and if it is done right, it saves a lot of money in re-doing it or advertising.

46) What is the marginal cost of a gigabyte in gmail?

47) Name three web sites (non-Google sites) that I visit often and like. Comment on what I like about the user interface / design.

48 ) Follow up with the above, choose one of the three sites and comment on what new feature/project I would work on and how I would design it.

49) Elevator design – concentrate on if there is only one elevator in the building(what would I change in the design). Then moved up to having two elevators in a building..

50) How many vacuum’s are made per year in USA?

51) If you look at a clock and the time is 3:15, what is the angle between the hour and the minute hands?
Answer: 7.5 degrees ( 30 degrees between ‘3′ and ‘4′, 30/4 = 7.5 degrees)

52) Every man in a village of 100 married couples has cheated on his wife. Every wife in the village instantly knows when a man other than her husband has cheated, but does not know when her own husband has. The village has a law that does not allow for adultery. Any wife who can prove that her husband is unfaithful must kill him that very day. The women of the village would never disobey this law. One day, the queen of the village visits and announces that at least one husband has been unfaithful. What happens?

Answer: Recursion Problem – If the women in the village know instantly when other men in the village have cheated, we can use this to our advantage in answering the question. If one man has cheated on their wife, then his wife will know he cheats since no one else is cheating and will thus meet his demise. Take example if two men cheats, one of the wives will know one cheating husband in the village and must wait one day to see if she hears of another man cheating – if not, she knows her husband has cheated and therefore kills him.

53) If the probability of observing a car in 30 minutes on a highway is 0.95, what is the probability of observing a car in 10 minutes (assuming constant default probability)?
Answer: P(30min) = 0.95 ; Pbar(30min) = 0.05; Pbar(10min)=(1/3)^(0.05)=0.368 ; P(10min)=1-Pbar(10min) = 0.6312 = 63.12%


54) Four people need to cross a rickety rope bridge to get back to their camp at night…Unfortunately, they only have one flashlight and it only has enough light left for seventeen minutes. The bridge is too dangerous to cross without a flashlight, and it’s only strong enough to support two people at any given time. Each of the campers walks at a different speed. One can cross the bridge in 1 minute, another in 2 minutes, the third in 5 minutes, and the slow poke takes 10 minutes to cross. How do the campers make it across in 17 minutes?

Answer: Classic Microsoft question.
Trip A –> B A < — B Total Time
Trip 1 1min, 2 min 2 min
Trip 2 1 min 3 min
Trip 3 5 min, 10 min 13min
Trip 4 2 min 15min

Trip 5 1min, 2 min 17 min

55) You are at a party with a friend and 10 people are present including you and the friend…Your friend makes you a wager that for every person you find that has the same birthday as you, you get $1; for every person he finds that does not have the same birthday as you, he gets $2. would you accept the wager?

Answer: Probability of someone sharing a birthday with you is P(share b-day) = 1/365 ; hence P(no share b-day)=364/365. I wouldn’t take the bet.


56) Imagine you have a closet full of shirts. It’s very hard to find a shirt. So what can you do to organize your shirts for easy retrieval?

Answer : Anyone who knows me knows I have a mild case of OCD. I would have my closet organized (install shelving units) and compartmentalize some sections visually. I have a section for shirts I would wear out and section for shirts I would wear at home (worn out, great for spring cleaning). Then in each section I would organize the shirts by color from white to black. A relatively simple question, but I think Google asks this to check your organizational skills and for a software engineer – grouping (think hash tables)


57) Explain a database in three sentences to your eight-year-old nephew.

Answer: There are many answers to this question.

1) Dictionary is like a database. You have word and what the word means.

When I think of a database, I think of a filling cabinet my parents have where each hanging folder contains information. One folder has my grades, another has my birth certificate and birth hair, another has some pictures of me and my art work in elementary…etc.


How would you re-position Google’s offerings to counteract competitive threats from Microsoft?
My first thought – remove the awful word…’work around’ from Google’s work practice. This was my most hated two words I heard from there.

59) You have five pirates, ranked from 5 to 1 in descending order. The top pirate has the right to propose how 100 gold coins should be divided among them. But the others get to vote on his plan, and if fewer than half agree with him, he gets killed. How should he allocate the gold in order to maximize his share but live to enjoy it? (Hint: One pirate ends up with 98 percent of the gold.)
Answer:

If you have 2 Pirates involved, only one pirate needs to support with pirate ‘2’s decision (namely pirate ‘2′ himself). Pirate ‘2′ would be highest in chain and hence can take all 100 gold coins since half would agree with this decision.

If you have 3 Pirates involved, pirate ‘3′ needs only one other pirate to support him. Pirate ‘3′ is aware of the 2 pirate scenario if he dies and hence offers pirate ‘1′ 1 piece of gold to vote in his favor. Pirate ‘1′ will take the offer because 1 piece of gold is better than none. So end result is Pirate ‘1′ gets 1 piece of gold and Pirate ‘3′ takes 99 piece of gold (leaving Pirate ‘2′ with nothing).

If you have 4 Pirates involved, you only need one other pirate to support you. Pirate ‘4′ is aware of the 3 pirate scenario if he dies and hence can offer pirate ‘1′ 2 pieces of gold to have his vote, but pirate ‘4′ is greedy. Instead he offers 1 piece of gold to pirate ‘2′. This gives him the vote from one other pirate he needs for support.

Draw a table showing the 2-4 pirate scenarios, and you will notice a pattern. From this you can easily come up with a solution for the 5 Pirate scenarios.

1 2 3 4 5

2 100

3 1 99

4 1 99

5 1 1 98

How many golf balls can fit in a school bus? 

Answer:Calculate size of bus (approx in feet 8lengthx6widthx20depth) = 960 sq. feet (convert to sql inches *1728) = 1,658,880; golf ball is 2.5 cubic inches (4/3* pi*0.85inches radius) ; 1,658,880/2.5=663,552 ; don’t foget seats and such so round down to say 500,000

How many people run marathon in UK every year?
Describe the operation of Layer 2 (Data Link Layer) of the 7-layer ISO stack in as much detail as possible.
How do you code integer division without using divider (‘/’) int x =20; int y = 5;

log(x) – log(y) = log(answer)

10^(answer) = 4 = answer;

What are three things Google should know before releasing a product in Country XYZ?
A man pushed his car to a hotel and lost his fortune. What happened?

66) How would you determine if someone has won a game of tic-tac-toe on a board of any size?

67) How many resumes does Google receive each year for software engineering?

Give us an idea how would you design Google Maps.

Since this question is for a Product Manager, presumably the interviewer is not looking for a technical but rather for a marketing answer.

Project Manager Interview - Workplace Politics


Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers,Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers on Workplace Politics


* Position - Know exactly what position you are applying for within the company so you'll be prepared for questions.

* Research - Do some research on the company, what projects they are known for, and network with colleagues who may work at the company for an Insider's look.

* Is It Right For You? - Learn about things like parking or public transportation that is close and if they offer career development.

* Perspective - What is the general perspective of the company? Are they well-liked or have you heard bad things about the company through the grapevine. This doesn't mean it won't be a good fit for you, but it's good to get a feel of the company's reputation.

* Dress Appropriately - This is no time for a hem that needs to be repaired or an old suit that doesn't fit. Invest in yourself by buying some good interviewing clothes. Be conscious of things like tattoos, face jewelry, and your hairstyle, especially if you know upfront that the company is conservative in their approach – and keep the gum at home.

* Practice Answering Some Questions - Included in our Media Gallery are some sample project manager interview questions. Print them out and practice answering them with a friend or colleague.

* Be Punctual - Be on time for the interview and make sure you know how to pronounce the interviewer's name. Call ahead if need be and ask for the correct pronunciation.

* Attitudes / First Impression - Be assertive in your gestures, be friendly, and smile! Remember that the interviewer's first impression is important so how much you know about the company will impress them.

A Great Interview


Job Odometer

Some interviewees will exit an interview feeling like that had a great one. This is not always the case so keep these tips in mind during your project manager interview:


Take Control - Let the interviewer tell you as much about the job as possible and don't interrupt! The more you know, the easier it will be to answer their questions.

Be Decisive - Never answer questions with just a yes or no. Don't go overboard but put some detail and explanation into your answers.

Former Employers - Never make a bad statement about former employers, especially if they are in t
  • Position - Know exactly what position you are applying for within the company so you'll be prepared for questions.
  • Research - Do some research on the company, what projects they are known for, and network with colleagues who may work at the company for an Insider's look.
  • Is It Right For You? - Learn about things like parking or public transportation that is close and if they offer career development.
  • Perspective - What is the general perspective of the company? Are they well-liked or have you heard bad things about the company through the grapevine. This doesn't mean it won't be a good fit for you, but it's good to get a feel of the company's reputation.
  • Dress Appropriately - This is no time for a hem that needs to be repaired or an old suit that doesn't fit. Invest in yourself by buying some good interviewing clothes. Be conscious of things like tattoos, face jewelry, and your hairstyle, especially if you know upfront that the company is conservative in their approach – and keep the gum at home.
  • Be Punctual - Be on time for the interview and make sure you know how to pronounce the interviewer's name. Call ahead if need be and ask for the correct pronunciation.
  • Attitudes / First Impression - Be assertive in your gestures, be friendly, and smile! Remember that the interviewer's first impression is important so how much you know about the company will impress them.

A Great Interview

Some interviewees will exit an interview feeling like that had a great one. This is not always the case so keep these tips in mind during your project manager interview:
Take Control - Let the interviewer tell you as much about the job as possible and don't interrupt! The more you know, the easier it will be to answer their questions.
Be Decisive - Never answer questions with just a yes or no. Don't go overboard but put some detail and explanation into your answers.
Former Employers - Never make a bad statement about former employers especially if they are in the same industry. Like company managers and owners do talk.
Be Determined - Act as if the job is already yours.
Ask Questions - The interviewer will ask you questions so feel free to pose some questions of your own. Don't just sit there and nod.
Stay Positive - Even if you feel a certain project manager job is not for you, stay positive. Never close doors on an opportunity.
Be Patient - Never ask first about salary and benefits. The interviewer, if they like you, will get to those things.
Closing and Post Interview - Thank the interviewer for their time with a good handshake. Send a professional follow-up note thanking them for the interview.

he same industry. Like company managers and owners do talk.


Be Determined - Act as if the job is already yours.


Ask Questions - The interviewer will ask you questions so feel free to pose some questions of your own. Don't just sit there and nod.

Stay Positive - Even if you feel a certain project manager job is not for you, stay positive. Never close doors on an opportunity.

Be Patient - Never ask first about salary and benefits. The interviewer, if they like you, will get to those things.

Closing and Post Interview - Thank the interviewer for their time with a good handshake. Send a professional follow-up note thanking them for the interview.

Project Manager Interview - Roles and Responsibilities

Project Manager Interview Questions on Roles and Responsibilities,Roles and Responsibilities of a Project Manager.

* The Project Manager is the person responsible for managing the project.

* The Project Manager is the person responsible for accomplishing the project objectives within the constraints of the project. He is responsible for the outcome(success or failure) of the project.

* The Project Manager is involved with the planning, controlling and monitoring, and also managing and directing the assigned project resources to best meet project objectives.

* The Project Manager controls and monitors “triple constraints”—project scope, time and cost(quality also)—in managing competing project requirements.

* The Project Manager examines the organizational culture and determine whether project management is recognized as a valid role with accountability and authority for managing the project.

* The Project Manager collects metrics data(such as baseline, actual values for costs, schedule, work in progress, and work completed) & reports on project progress and other project specific information to stakeholders.

* The Project Manager is responsible for identifying, monitoring, and responding to risk.

* The Project Manager is responsible to the project stakeholders for delivering a project’s objectives within scope, schedule, cost, and quality.

* The reporting structure of a Project Manager changes depends on organizational structure. He may reports to a Functional Manager or to a Program Manager.

Project Manager Interview - Metrics Followed in Project Management

Project Manager Interview - Metrics Followed in Project Management,Manager Interview Questions on Metrics Followed in Project Management

What are the metrics followed in project management?
Twist: - What metrics will you look at in order to see the project is moving successfully?
Most metric sets deal with a variation of these attributes and are chosen to help project managers gain insight into their product (size, software quality, rework), process (rework, software quality) and project (effort, schedule).
But below is a broader classification :-
Project Management Metrics
Milestone metrics
Number of milestones
Number of proved requirements per milestone
Controlling level metrics
Risk metrics
Probability of resources availability
Probability of the requirements validity


risk indicators (long schedules, inadequate cost estimating, excessive paperwork, error-prone modules, canceled projects, excessive schedule pressure, low quality, cost overruns, creeping
user requirements, excessive time to market, unused or unusable software, unanticipated
acceptance criteria, hidden errors)

Application risk metrics
Workflow metrics
Walkthrough metrics
Traceability metrics
Variance metrics
Controlling metrics
Size of control elements
Structure of control elements
Documentation level
Tool application level
Management database metrics
Data quality metrics
Management data complexity
Data handling level (performance metrics)
Visualization level
Safety and security metrics

Quality Management Metrics
Customer satisfaction metrics
Characteristics size metrics
Characteristics structure metrics
Empirical evaluation metrics
Data presentation metrics
Review metrics
Number of reviews in the process
Review level metrics
Review dependence metrics
Review structure metrics
Review resources metrics
Productivity metrics
Actual vs. Planned metrics
Performance metrics
Productivity vs. Quality metrics
Efficiency metrics
Time behavior metrics
Resources behavior metrics
Actual vs. Planned metrics
Quality assurance metrics
Quality evaluation metrics
Error prevention metrics
Measurement level
Data analysis metrics
Configuration Management Metrics
Change control metrics
Size of change
Dependencies of changes
Change interval metrics
Revisions metrics
Version control metrics
Number of versions
Number of versions per customer
Version differences metrics
Releases metrics (version architecture)
Data handling level

Project Manager Interview - Successful and Effective Project Manager

Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers ,Project Manager Interview Questions asked in top companies of India and Abroad

Which characteristic do you think is the most important for being a successful and effective project manager?

An effective project manager should be able to inspire the project team a shared vision towards a common goal. Effective communication at all levels both within the team and outside the team is very very important. Project manager is not just a manager but also a leader and good leadership demands commitment and demonstration of ethical practices.

Project manager must not put personal goals infront of the project goals. Project manager must demonstrate enthusiasm and less of negativity. Project manager must be able to challange, inspire, and encourage team members during different phases of project. Another important quality of an effective PM is the ability to delegate, project manager must be able to plan and delegate tasks at hand. In all effective project manager must be able to keep the team together, keep all the stakeholders well informed and always keep the team focussed towards the common goal of completing that unique project. the project manager should be able to inspire the team with the shared goal.

But I also believe that the effective project manager should be intuitive to the people he/she selects for the team or who have been selected to his/her team. It would be to the advantage of the manager to place the correct people into the correct job OR into the correct working unit. It is unreasonable to think anyone can gauge how people will eventually act and work with each other, but a good manager should be able to be able to place varying strengths within working groups and know who the eventual A and B players will be. It is like designing a gameplan - putting forth the best poker hand you can with the cards available and seeing how they hold up in the game. I am not saying that the project manager should be a good poker player, but it would not hurt. Setting the project team up to get the best out of each member can move the project into the right direction from the start, satisfying the customer need and driving toward the common goal.

Project Manager Interview Questions : Part 5

Project Manager Interview Questions, Tough Project Manager Interview Questions 
  • How would you go about organizing a project that had enterprise wide implications?
  • What is your approach to managing projects and how does it vary based on the size and complexity or the project?
  • Who should lead projects?
  • Who should be accountable for the project's outcome?
  • What was the budget for the largest project you have managed?
  • What is the project management structure in your project? Is a PL assigned to the project?
  • How do you know that a particular individual is the project leader (or) how do you know that you are the Project Leader?
  • What and where are the policy statements for software project planning?
  • Explain the various activities you do (as a PL) when the project is started up.
  • How do you know what you need to deliver or do in your project?
  • How do you create the Software Project Management Plan (SPMP)?
  • What training have you undergone in project planning?
  • How do you ensure that your project plan is available for others to see? Where will you find the plans of other projects executed (in the past or currently) in the center?
  • How did you choose the appropriate lifecycle for your project?
  • What are the documents that you will refer to create the plan?
  • How do you estimate the effort for your project? Where is the estimation procedure documented?
  • What procedures do you follow to arrive at the project schedule?
  • Where and how are the risks associated with your project identified and documented?
  • When you come in to the office, how do you know what you have to do during the day?
  • How do you report the status of your project?
  • How are team members kept informed about the current status of the project?
  • How do the audits cover planning activities?
  • How does the senior management review your project's progress?
  • How do you track the technical activities in your project? How is the status of the project communicated to the team?
  • How do you track the size or changes to size of the work products in your project?
  • When do revise your project plan? When do you know you have to revise your project plan? Where is the plan revision frequency documented?
  • How do you ensure that you and all the other team members in your project have the required technical skills to execute the project?
  • How do you assign tasks to your team members?
  • What is the document that should be consulted to know about your project, the activities you do, your schedules and milestones?
  • How do you handle disruptive team members?
  • How do you handle non-productive team members?
  • How do you motivate team members who are burned out or bored?
  • How do you motivate people?
  • How do you handle team members who come to you with their personal problems?
  • How do you start a project?
  • If you are teaching the ropes to a new Project Manager, what would you say are the most important things he needs to look for?
  • What would be the key artifacts needed in a project?
  • How do you manage change?
  • How do you manage conflict in the project team?
  • How do you deal with a difficult team member?
  • What qualifications are required to be an effective project manager?
  • What is the difference between a project plan and a project schedule?
  • What do you include in a project schedule?
  • How do you track a project?
  • How do you track risks? Tell me about the risks that your last project had.
  • What is the difference between a risk and an issue?
  • How do you define quality in project management?
  • What would you say if a team member asks why project management is needed? Why do we have to do all  documentation ahead of the real work?
  • What have you learned in obtaining your PMP that you are using in real-life projects?
  • What do you do if a team member presents a work product that you know for a fact is flawed or incomplete, but the team member insists it is completed and sound?
  • What would you do if a manager whose resources you are using keeps saying that all the documentation required by the project is getting in the way of actual progress?
  • What was your role in your last project?
  • What was the most interesting role you played in a project?
  • What do you do when a team member does not complete his/her assignment and has gone to another project?
  • Have you used Microsoft Project? How do you like it?
  • How do you verify that the requirements identified for a project are actually included in the final delivery to the users?
  • How do you verify that the requirements are correct and that they reflect what the users want?
  • What are your greatest strengths and weaknesses in the Project Management areas of knowledge?
  • What are the risks you had in your last project?
  • What are the main objects of a project manager?
  • How do you perform Function Point Analysis?
  • What are project management tools? Mention some of them?
  • What are the main attributes to be possessed by a project manager?
  • How must the project manager react under pressured projects?
  • In what percentage or ratio must a project manager possess technical and managerial skills?
  • How often is learning process important for a project manager and why?
  • Explain the managerial features that must be possessed by project manager?
  • Mention some of the steps to be taken by project manager to reduce stress in the project and among.
  • What are the induction processes a project manager must plan for team members?

Project Manager Interview Questions : Part 2


  • Project Manager Interview Questions,Senior Project Manager Interview Questions,Important Project Manager Interview Questions
  • Tell me about yourself. (To avoid rambling or becoming flustered, plan your answer.)
  • What are your strengths? (Make an exhaustive list and review it exhaustively before the interview.)
  • What are your weaknesses? (What you say here can and will be used against you!)
  • How would your current (or last) boss describe you?
  • What were your boss's responsibilities? (Interviewers sometimes ask this question to prevent you from having the chance to claim that you did your boss's job. Be ready for it!)
  • What's your opinion of them? (Never criticize your past or present boss in an interview. It just makes you look bad!)
  • How would your co-workers or subordinates describe you professionally?* (Remember, now is not the time for modesty! Brag a little bit.)
  • Why do you want to work for us?
  • Why do you want to leave your present employer?
  • Why should we hire you over the other finalists?
  • What qualities or talents would you bring to the job?*
  • Tell me about your accomplishments.
  • What is your most important contribution to your last (or current) employer?
  • How do you perform under deadline pressure? Give me an example.
  • How do you react to criticism? (You try to learn from it, of course!)
  • Describe a conflict or disagreement at work in which you were involved. How was it resolved?
  • What are two of the biggest problems you've encountered at your job and how did you overcome them?
  • Think of a major crisis you've faced at work and explain how you handled it.
  • Give me an example of a risk that you took at your job (past or present) and how it turned out.
  • What's your managerial style like?
  • Have you ever hired employees; and, if so, have they lived up to your expectations?
  • What type of performance problems have you encountered in people who report to you, and how did you motivate them to improve?
  • Describe a typical day at your present (or last) job.
  • What do you see yourself doing five years from now?
  • What is project management?
  • Is spending in IT projects constant through out the project?
  • Who is a stakeholder?
  • Can you explain project life cycle?
  • Twist :- How many phases are there in software project?
  • Are risk constant through out the project?
  • Can you explain different software development life cycles?
  • What is triple constraint triangle in project management?
  • What is a project baselines?
  • What is effort variance?
  • How is normally a project management plan document organized?
  • How do you estimate a project?
  • What is a fish bone diagram?
  • Twist:- What is Ishikawa diagram?
  • What is pareto principle?
  • Twist:- What is 80/20 principle?
  • How do you handle change request?
  • What is internal change request?
  • What is difference between SITP and UTP in testing?
  • What is the software you have used for project management?
  • What are the metrics followed in project management?
  • Twist: - What metrics will you look at in order to see the project is moving successfully?
  • You have people in your team who do not meet there deadlines or do not perform what are the actions you will take?Twist :- Two of your resources have conflicts between them how would you sort it out?
  • What is black box testing and White box testing?
  • What's the difference between Unit testing, Assembly testing and Regression testing?
  • What is V model in testing?
  • How do you start a project?
  • How did you do resource allocations?
  • How will you do code reviews?
  • What is CMMI?
  • What are the five levels in CMMI?
  • What is continuous and staged representation?
  • Can you explain the process areas?

Project Manager Interview Questions : Part 1

Project Manager Interview Questions 2011,Effective Project Manager Interview Questions,Latest Project Manager Interview Questions,Project Manager Interview Questions asked in top companies

  • You’ve encountered a delay on an early phase of your project. What actions can you take to counter the delay? Which actions will have the most effect on the result?
  • Describe what you did in a difficult project environment to get the job done on time and on budget.
  • What actions are required for successful executive sponsorship of a project?
  • How did you get your last project?
  • What were your specific responsibilities?
  • What did you like about the project and dislike about the project?
  • What did you learn from the project?
  • Tell me about a time when you ran into any difficult situations. How did you handle them?
  • Tell me about the types of interaction you had with other employees.
  • Tell me of an accomplishment you are particularly proud of and what it entailed.
  • Do you have people from your past consulting services who would provide a professional reference?
  • What other similar consulting or independent contractor services have you rendered?
  • Discuss how you would envision working as an independent contractor or consultant for us.
  • What conflicting responsibilities will you have?
  • What would be your specific goals for this new role as a consultant or independent contractor?
  • What experience do you have that you think will be helpful?This assignment will require a lot of [describe]. Will that be a problem for you?
  • This assignment will require interacting with [describe the types of people]. What experience do you have working with such people?69. What would you like to get from this new assignment?
  • What are two common but major obstacles for a project like this? What would you do in the face of these obstacles to keep your team on schedule?
  • What is project charter? What are the elements in a project charter?
  • Which document will you refere for future decisions?
  • How will you define scope?
  • What is the output of scope definition process?
  • What is quality management?
  • Do you inspect or plan for quality ?
  • What is EVM? how will you use it in managing projects?
  • What is a project? and what is program?
  • What are project selection methods?
  • Which tool would you use to define, manage and control projects?
  • What is risk management and how will you plan risk response?
  • What are outputs of project closure?
  • What are the methods used for project estimation?
  • What methods have you used for estimation?
  • How would you start a project?
  • If you were to deliver a project to a customer, and timely delivery depended upon a sub-supplier, how would you manage the supplier? What contractual agreements would you put in place?
  • In this field (the field you are interviewing for), what are three critically important things you must do well as a project manager in order for the project to succeed?
  • What metrics would you expect to use to determine the on-going success of your project?
  • How are your soft skills? Can you "sell" the project to a team?
  • You have a team member who is not meeting his commitments, what do you do?
  • Companies have historically looked at technical skills, but more and more business managers are realizing that not have "people" skills tend to cripple projects.
  • How many projects you handled in the past? Deadlines met? On time/ within budget? Obstacles you had to overcome?
  • Do you understand milestones, interdependencies? Resource allocation?
  • Do you know what Project Software the new company uses and is there training for it?

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 10

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers asked in top companies.The knowledge requirements will vary depending on the employer, level and scope of the manager job. However typical knowledge requirements for managerial or supervisory jobs include:

* business and management principles
* strategic planning
* administrative procedures
* operating systems
* read and interpret accounting and financial reports
* budgets
* organizational planning tools
* information processing applications
* relevant software applications
* human resource management principles

Manager interview questions around the knowledge requirements are answered by reviewing your resume or CV as they refer directly to your qualifications and work task experience.

Anticipate and plan for questions that explore your training and qualifications and your task experience, with reference to the specific knowledge requirements listed.

Examples include:

"What methods have you used to evaluate employee's job performance?"

"What experience do you have in setting budgets?"

"What systems have you developed and implemented to improve operating efficiency in your department?"

The interview will focus on questions that look for evidence of management-related competencies. You will be asked to provide specific examples of when you have demonstrated the required competency.

You should reflect on your past experiences, select appropriate examples and plan your response using the following structure:

* Describe the specific situation or task you were involved in
* Detail the action and steps you took in the situation
* Outline the results and outcome of your actions. What happened, what was accomplished, what did you learn?

Go through the manager interview questions that explore the essential competencies for a management or supervisory position. Use the answer guidelines to help you prepare your own excellent answers.


Judgment and Decision-making
manager interview questions

"Tell me about a tough decision you had to make recently at work , how did you go about making the decision?"

"Describe a problem you recently experienced with an employee who reported to you, how did you solve it?"

Answer guidelines : Show how you are able to review the relevant facts, consider alternatives and decide on the most appropriate action. Discuss how you take into consideration the available resources and any possible constraints.
Manager interview questions will also explore the competency of

Delegation of Tasks and Responsibility

"Tell me about an important assignment or task that you delegated. How did you ensure that it would be completed successfully?"

"When delegating a recent assignment, describe how you showed your confidence in the person's ability to do the job?"


Answer Guidelines : Show how you assign tasks and responsibility to the appropriate people, how you clarify exactly what is expected, communicate confidence and ensure adequate resources are available for successful completion of the task. Include follow-up procedures and setting deadlines.

Staff Motivation

"Give me an example of when you successfully motivated your staff using incentives or rewards."

"Describe a time you had to motivate a staff member who was reluctant to undertake an assignment.
manager interview questions

Answer Guidelines : Show how you determine the appropriate motivation strategies for your staff members by understanding their different needs and perspectives. Include the communication of goals and visions to your staff, gaining commitment to these, establishing appropriate reward and incentive structures and supporting and leading staff to success.

Staff Development

"Describe a time you had to provide training or coaching to different staff members on the same tasks."

"Give me an example of when you had to provide feedback to a staff member who was performing poorly, how did you go about this and what was the outcome?"


Answer Guidelines : Show how you have facilitated the development of knowledge and skills, how you adjust your approach according to the individual and provide support where needed. Discuss how you are able to assess the needs of your staff, establish a plan for improvement considering available resources and the individual requirements and gain agreement to this plan.

Staff Communication

"Give me a specific example of when you had to clearly communicate your expectations to a subordinate."

"Tell me about the steps you took to establish rapport with a new staff member."

Answer Guidelines : Show how you communicate information effectively to an individual or group, adjusting your approach according to the situation. Include your ability to see the other person's perspective and establish a constructive relationship.
manager interview questions

Work Management

"Talk me through a short term plan you developed and implemented for your department."

"What methods have you used to prioritize work assignments?"


Answer Guidelines : Describe your ability to establish objectives, set priorities, plan proper assignment of tasks, allocate resources effectively, use appropriate organizational tools and follow up on work status.

Expect manager interview questions that explore your motivation and commitment to a managerial position, such as:

"What do you consider to be the most challenging thing about being a manager?"

"What are the recent trends in management that you have come across?"

"How would you describe your management style?"


These manager interview questions are a good guide of what to expect in your manager or supervisor job interview. Prepare thoroughly and feel confident that you will stand out as the right candidate for the job

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 9

Project Manager, Solutions Delivery Manager interview questions,Service Delivery Manager Interview Questions,Project Manager Interview Questions

If you are applying for the position of a Project Manager, you can expect tough interview questions.

What are the tough interview questions for Project Manager role?
These tough interview questions usually form part of the behavioral interview questions. The interviewers are interested in your technical expertise. However, they are more interested in how you behave under a tight deadline.

Interview questions for Project Manager:

1. How do you ensure that the successful completion of a project that dragged out longer than anticipated?

2. Give one example of an incident that prevents you from completing a task you have been assigned.

3. How do you define a good job in your current position?

4. How did you handle a situation when you worked with someone you did not get along?

5. Describe a time when you successful resolved a conflict with the main client.

6. Tell me the factors that you think have contributed to your success so far.

7. Tell me a time when your actions resulted in a negative effect on your colleagues.

8. How do you communicate bad news to someone?

9. Have you made an unpopular decision in your previous prooject? How did you gain support for an unpopular decision? What methods of communication did you use?

10. Describe a negotiation that fails. What do you think you could have done to avert the failure?

11. What are your strengths in negotiation? How did you employ the strengths?

12. How did you handle a poor work performer? Do you think you could have handled it differently?

13. Describe the management style of the most difficult manager you ever worked for. How did you adapt to his style?

14. Describe the most problematic subordinate in your team. How did you handle him?

15. How did you handle the career transition?

16. How did you acclimate yourself to a new job? How did you acclimate yourself to a country with a different culture?

17. Describe a time when you failed to adapt to a change. How could you have done differently?

18. How did you cope with budget overrun in a project?

19. How did you communicate your expectation of the team members working for you?

20. Describe a time when you had to make a difficult decision under pressure by the management.

21. Describe the characteristics of the most successful team you have ever handled. What is your contribution to the success of the team?

22. How does your personality reflect in the job you choose?

23. Why do you want this interview?

24. Describe a time when you successfully predicted obstacles to a project. What made you so certain that such obstacles could arise?


The interview questions for Project Manager role vary according to the expertise of the interviewers. You are not likely to face very tough questions in the first interview. The interviewers are likely to be junior staff from Human Resource department or the hiring manager.

However, you can expect very tough behavioral and project-specific questions in the second interview. The involvement of the HR Director and the senior management team means the interview questions for Project Manager are very tough.

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 8


Project Manager Interview Questions,Project Management Interview, Project manager Skills, Customer Relationship Interview Questions

Is spending in IT project’s constant through out the project?
Note:- It’s a tricky question , to know how much depth you have regarding costing of projects.
Normally in initial stage of project’s (requirement and design phase) the cost is very less (As you need maximum is business analyst and architecture), but as the project proceeds cost factor starts increasing.The cost is maximum in coding phase (this is where you require programmers , project leads and project manager).Later when the project is in testing and acceptance phase cost is less as we will need only one or two programmers for removing bugs , than the whole team.

Who is a stakeholder ?
A stakeholder is anyone who has something to gain or lose as a result of the completion or failure of this project or phase
Note:- It’s not only the end customer the stakeholder .Project managers , Project Lead , even programmers , testing department etc.. are stake holders of project.So during project management interview whenever you refer stakeholder’s be clear about the terminology.

Can you explain project life cycle ?
Twist :- How many phases are there in software project ?

There are five stages of any project initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closeout.These are very general phases and change according to domain.Example when writing a book i will have following mapping’s initiating(contacting publishers,getting

copy right etc.), planning(Table of contents of book ,Number of chapters , tool to use,chapter wise deadlines etc), xecuting(Actually writing the book), controlling(proof reading , language checks , page alignments etc), and closeout(Finally printing and on the
shelf for sale).So this classification is at very broader level , for software development the above figure shows the mapping.

During Software project management interview expected answer is requirement phase, design phase ,coding phase , testing phase and project closure.But you can just impress the answer by giving a general answer and then showing the mapping.

Are risk constant through out the project ?
* Never say that risk is high through out the project.
Risk is high at the start of project’s , but by proper POC (Proof of concept) risk is brought in control.Good project manager’s always have proper risk mitigation plan at the start of project.As the project continues one by one risk is eliminated thus bringing down
the risk.

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 7


Project Manager Interview Questions Answers,Sample project manager interview questions.The project management interview questions to expect in your job interview

What is triple constraint triangle in project management ?
Project Management triangle is depicted as Cost,Schedule and scope.These three aspect form the sides of triangle and the customer is the center point.As customer is always concerned about Cost,Scope and Schedule , so in order to get customer satisfaction project manager should deliver all scope in propose schedule and cost.

If we want to disturb any one of the legs then the other two legs get affected. Example If customer increases the scope then other two sides of the triangle also get affected a lot.

What is a project baselines ?
It define a logical closure of any deliverable or cycle.Example you have completed the requirement phase with sign off from the client on the requirement document.So you put a baseline and say that further any changes to this document is a change request. Versioning of source code is one type of baseline.

What is effort variance?
Effort Variance = (Actual effort – Estimated Effort) / Estimated Effort.

How is normally a project management plan document
organized ?
PMP document forms the bible of a project.It has normally these sections :-
Project summary
Project organization hierarchy
WBS / Activity list to be performed with schedule.
Work product identification (In short who will do what)
Project schedule( GANNT chart or PERT chart).
Estimated Cost and completion.
Project requirements.
Risk identification.
Configuration management section.
Quality section.
Action Item status.

How do you estimate a project?
There many techniques available for estimating a project:-
Function points
Use Case points
WBS etc etc.

What is CAR (Causal Analysis and Resolution)?
The basic purpose of CAR is to analyze all defects, problems and good practices/positive triggers in projects, perform a root cause analysis of the same, identify respective corrective and preventive actions and track these to closure. The advantage of CAR is that root causes are scientifically identified and their corrective and preventive actions are carried out. CAR needs to be performed at project initiation, all phase and project ends and on a monthly basis. Fishbone diagram is one of the ways you can do CAR.

What is DAR (Decision Analysis and Resolution) ?
Decision Analysis and Resolution is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that identifies alternatives against established criteria
Example in a project you are said to use third party tools so you will not depend on only one tool but evaluate three to four more tools so that in case of problems you have alternatives.This is called as DAR

What is a fish bone diagram ?
Twist:- What is Ishikawa diagram ?
Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, invented the fishbone diagram. Therefore, can be also referred as Ishikawa diagram.
Fishbone diagram is a analysis diagram which provides a systematic way of looking at effects and the causes that create or contribute to those effects.Because of the function of the fishbone diagram, it may be referred to as a cause-and-effect diagram. The design of the diagram looks much like the skeleton of a fish. Therefore, it is often referred to as the fishbone diagram
Fishbone diagram helps in categorizing potential causes of problems or issues in an orderly way and in identifying root causes.

What is pareto principle ?
Twist :- What is 80/20 principle ?
Pareto principle also paraphrased as 80/20 principle is simple effective problem tackling way in management.It says that 20% of your problem lead to other 80 % of problems. So rather than concentrating on the 80% of problem if you concentrate on 20% of problems you can save lot of trouble.So in pareto you analyze the problems and only concentrate on 20% of your vital problems.In projects the first 10% and the last 10% of project form the vital part of project.

How do you handle change request?
Normally change request are handled by preparing a Impact analysis document and then doing re-estimation. Example you have a ongoing project , which has a customer table. Now customer wants that customer to also have addresses assigned to it. So you normally raise a change request and then do a impact analysis of the same. Depending on the impact you estimate and let know the client about the financial aspect of the project. Once client sign off or the upper management agrees to the change request you move ahead with implementation.

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 6

Effective Project Management Interview Questions, Project Manager Interview Questions Answers, Project Management Interview Questions. at Job Interview Questions

Leadership Behaviors
Question 1: Describe a recent project where you were responsible for managing multiple people or teams. What were some of the key challenges and how did you handle those challenges?
This question demonstrates a result-oriented leadership behavior. Project managers need to demonstrate delivery and a desire to attain the end goal. Staffing project managers who simply point out problems but do not help resolve them will not drive the project to completion. Effective project managers demonstrate how they’ve managed a project, coordinated across multiple teams, overcame obstacles and delivered the project’s goals.


Question 2: Describe a time when you implemented a new idea without being asked or pursued a new opportunity that could improve the project or company.
Demonstrating courage and a willingness to take action without being asked is a key delivery characteristic of effective project managers. Project sponsors entrust the project’s goals, budget and their own reputations on their project managers. Project sponsors don’t have all the answers and need intelligent and motivated people to solve problems, identify new opportunities and take action without being prompted.
Question 3: Describe a scenario where you had to balance competing customer demands with project constraints. How did you ensure customer satisfaction while maintaining the goals of the project?
Maintaining a customer focused approach while ensuring the project deliverables are completed on time is a delicate balance. Business partners don’t understand all the technical details required to turn business processes into software solutions. They just want the system to work and accommodate their changing business needs. Effective project managers build rapport with their business partners, seek to understand the underlying needs and proactively address their concerns. It is a difficult balance as project managers commit to delivering the project scope while addressing a business customer’s changing requirements.
Question 4: Describe a time when you had to balance quality management with a challenged project schedule.
As projects execute and schedule variances occur, there is a tendency to shorten the quality testing cycle to maintain a project end date. In some projects, the end date can be extended, and in other projects the end date must be maintained. 


Effective project managers recognize the importance of quality management in the software development cycle and prioritize the test cases and test cycles that deliver the project’s critical functionality. These project managers successfully commit to a quality mindset and ensure defects are resolved or mitigated.


The project manager should also recognize the challenge of managing the triple constraint and maintain a commitment to quality. Recognizing delays in the schedule early will help project managers adjust testing schedules so the support team isn’t called in from a day off or a holiday.


Question 5: Describe a time when you had a difficult situation working with a vendor or another peer? What was your approach to resolve the issues while maintaining a positive relationship?
Without a cohesive team, a project manager can not be effective. Projects often depend on vendors and supplier team members to provide services. The nature of the client-vendor relationship emphasizes mutually beneficial goals. However, the vendor doesn’t always prioritize the client’s interests as heavily as their own.


The ability to effectively develop teams across corporate borders is critical to project delivery. Clients will always try to maximize services at a minimal cost while vendors are motivated to increase costs for additional services.
In a challenged project with strained vendor relationships, it becomes even more important to focus on the critical issues to work together and deliver the end goal. The same skill is needed when working with other peers who are not necessarily motivated to help the project team. 


Strong relationships help solve problems and support project delivery. The best project management system, tools and techniques cannot replace the power effective relationships have across multiple teams.


Assessing Communication Skills
In this set of interview questions, there is not a specific question that addresses the project manager’s communication skill or style. 


The open-ended questions provide the interviewer with enough feedback to determine how well the candidate communicates using verbal and non-verbal communication. 


Communication is 90 percent of a project manager’s job, and interviewers should look for project managers who can logically and clearly respond to the interview questions as well as demonstrate project management theory in practice.


These leadership behavior-based questions are just a few examples that identify a project manager’s drive for results, commitment to customer satisfaction and focus on quality delivery. The next article will provide a set of technical project management assessment questions.


Project Manager Interview Questions Answers: Part 5

Project Manager Interview Questions Answers,Software Project Management Interview Questions,Effective Project Management Interview Questions,Senior Project Management Interview Questions,SDM Management Interview Questions

How would your staff and colleagues describe your leadership style? Give me an example to support your answer.
The purpose of this question is to find out if the style is congruent with the organizational culture. The perceptive leader is able to adapt his or her style to fit the follower's, employee's and organizational needs.

What are the most important values and ethics you demonstrate as a leader? Give me an example of these in practice.
Integrity- being truthful and trustworthy and having conviction - is an essential leadership competency. The effective leader demonstrates values and ethics in personal behavior and integrates these values and ethics into organizational practices and activities. A good leader acts with the courage of his/her convictions. While leaders are open with their employees and model honesty, transparency and fairness, they do not violate confidences or divulge potentially harmful information.

Name some situations in which a leader may fail. Tell me about a time when you failed as a leader?
A number of factors can fall outside a leader's control such as the available skill pool in the organization, time constraints, the economic climate. If employees are lethargic and negatively orientated it can create a situation ripe for failure. In answering leadership interview questions that explore how you deal with difficult challenges focus on how you were able to analyze the setback and seek honest feedback to learn from failure. How you used the difficult situation to encourage constructive questioning of policies and practices. Show your ability to be resilient in the face of failure and to constantly work towards improvement.

What role does leadership play for a manager? How have you demonstrated this with your managers?
The leader's role is to communicate the strategic vision to management with clarity. To translate the vision into concrete direction and plans. To identify and communicate priorities, short term objectives, timelines, performance measures, clear accountabilities and performance agreements to management. To provide quality judgment and advice.

Tell me about an innovative solution you developed to a non-traditional problem.
Effective leaders promote change and innovation. Finding solutions to unique problems are facilitated by encouraging a constant information flow in all directions and emphasizing responsiveness to changing demands.

Tell me about a time when the going got really tough. How did you rally the staff and build morale?
Leaders build a sense of common purpose by promoting the organizational vision both internally and externally. They develop and implement effective communication strategies within the organization. Remove barriers to collaboration. Provide clear direction on priorities. Give clear and honest feedback to inspire trust.

What methods have you used to gain commitment from your team?
Leaders gain commitment by influencing and persuading the team to set objectives and buy into the process. They establish a spirit of cooperation and cohesion for goal attainment. They take the team into the performing phase as quickly as possible. Leaders encourage debate and ideas from all stakeholders. They inspire a commitment to success and excellence by demonstrating passionate personal commitment and promote a productive culture by valuing individuals and their contributions.

All leaders have to deal with conflict situations. Describe a recent disagreement or conflict you personally had to handle.
Leadership interview questions exploring how you handle conflict are looking at your ability to understand and respect different views.

Demonstrate your ability to settle dispute by focusing on solving the problem taking into consideration the personalities involved. To evaluate the viability of different dispute resolution mechanisms available. To provide support and expertise to others. To negotiate compromise.

How have you influenced employees to follow your strategic vision for the organization?
Leaders develop ownership by involving employees in the decision-making and planning process. They provide resources to facilitate employee success and empower employees by devolving authority to get things done efficiently. Effective leaders develop processes that engage employees in achieving the strategic vision.

How have you encouraged learning and development of employees?
Learning happens at every opportunity. Your answer to leadership interview questions like this should demonstrate that effective leaders develop employees by mentoring, coaching and providing performance feedback on a daily basis. Leaders act as models for their employees but the most effective leaders not only teach by example they take a personal interest in the learning of others and serve as mentors. Additionally they manage learning throughout the organization by continually focusing attention on the learning agenda and providing the resources to facilitate it. Finally leaders monitor learning by getting regular feedback.

What was the most significant change you brought about in an organization?
Leaders can recognize new opportunities and anticipate long term opportunities. They determine new business directions for the organization. They are able to create enthusiasm and acceptance of the new vision or change and use the appropriate leadership style to inspire and guide employees to embrace change.

Thinks about what the concept of leadership means to you when preparing for leadership interview questions. Look back over your experiences and select insightful examples of how you have demonstrated the competencies associated with leadership.

Project Manager Interview - Estimation and Scheduling

Project Manager Interview Questions on Estimation and Scheduling,Estimation and Scheduling Interview Questions Answers,Project Manager Interview Questions Answers

How can you handle unrealistic schedules (or estimates) set by stakeholders without project team involvement?

Seriously, if the question is stating that without team involvement than Project Manager alone cannot do it. But if team involvement is an option then what he can do to involve team is 1. Talk to the stakeholders about the deadlines based on the work remaining and duration available. 2. Talk to the team and motivate them for the work to be done 3. Come up with some realistic estimates based on the input from team and get a buyin from the stakeholders. 4. Cut down on scope. 5. Put in more resources.

What formal estimating methods does your organization use or encourage? How can formal estimating methods be encouraged or "enforced?" Is there any place for a SWAG or just winging it (instead of formally estimating)?

This is the question that I have always asked the team members and I am asked when I am the team member. Since the person working on task will have better understanding of the task and estimates. One of the project management methodology that I have been part of was SCRUM and the planning was done as required on a daily basis. very interesting concept and successful too for projects with lot of unknowns especially small IT projects.

What problems are introduced or exacerbated by scheduling activities "just in time" or "finish to finish?"
I found that planning project items finish-to-finish can create unrealistic schedule if time for completion is chosen based on a non-critical path. It’s also possible that a critical path at the time of the original estimate has become non-critical somewhere in the middle of the project because of resource allocations or other things that were not known or under-estimated at the time of the original project planning.

This can be a side-effect of normal practice to focus on the critical path project items that can leave other project items stagnating for resources which may result in delays with these project items making one of them new critical path. To deal this issue it’s recommended to review project plan items periodically to assess and if necessary re-assign the critical path
 

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